How does the nature of each party’s coalition explain the positions that each party’s lawmakers take on policy issues?

By Micaela Delfino

Coalitions, with the ideal to form a more perfect Union, often share the same interests, as it was since the 1930s organized labor for the Democratic Party coalition. The Democratic Party has promoted a center-left, social-liberal platform that supports social justice and a mixed economy. However, the Republican coalition (usually, like most parties within two-party systems, divided on social and political-economic ideology) goes around American conservatism such as respect for American traditions, the rule of law, Judeo-Christian values, anti-Communism, defense of Western civilization from the so-called threats posed by moral relativism, multiculturalism and post-modern ridicule of traditional culture.

Fiscal conservatives call for a large reduction in government spending while democrats support a more progressive tax structure to provide more services and reduce economic inequality, with the wealthiest of the people paying the highest amount in taxes.

Social conservatives are those who support traditional values and are usually opposed to homosexuality and abortion. Instead, democrats tend to be more tolerant of these topics because they may disagree with biblical literalism or they prioritize social justice and other issues over social ones.

Compared to conservatives, democrats generally have advocated fair trade and a less militaristic foreign policy and have been keener in pushing for civil liberties.

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