What is the major strength of the Congress, the presidency, the bureaucracy and the Supreme Court?

By Micaela Delfino

Personally, I think the major strength of the Congress, which was established as the “first branch” of government, is the opportunity each state or district has of being represented. This surely marked a great difference between the democratic and the monarchy form of government, where the sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or various individual(s) reigning until death or abdication. Congress, instead, represents U.S. citizens and has the power to make the Nation’s laws, declare war, raise and provide public money and oversee its proper expenditure, impeach and try federal officers, approve presidential appointments, approve treaties negotiated by the executive branch, among other faculties.[1]

The President, directly or indirectly chosen the People, holds the executive power[2] and has the ability to get his/her policy initiatives enacted into law as long as Congress is willing to respond favorably. However, there is an exception to this process: executive orders. The executive orders are issued by the President through his/hers constitutional authority as chief executive. This, I believe, could be beneficial to the nation in some cases where the President, democratically elected, wants to pass a certain policy avoiding public debate and opposition.

The federal bureaucracy protects the environment, collects revenue to regulate the economy, promotes and protects their programs and have the resources needed to succeed. In spite of not having a constitutional authority of its own, It operates with a significant amount of autonomy implementing policy decisions.

Lastly, the Supreme Court is the ultimate interpreter of the Constitution. Article III of the Supreme Law establishes the federal judiciary and defines its authority as it states the Supreme Court holds the judicial power of the U.S. and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. It is most praised by its status as an independent and co-equal branch of the government, as the Nation’s system often leads to constitutional disputes.

[1] The U.S. Constitution, Article I.

[2] The U.S. Constitution, Article II.


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